Activity Areas

Written September 3, 2020

The following list represents an expanded view of activity areas where production flow is most common in the average screen printing plant. You may wish to consider all, or some of these areas and sub-components as they apply to your specific production processes.  By identifying these areas of activity early, interrelationships should result in a more efficient workflow.


  • Workstation computers for artwork generation
  • Output devices
  • Proofing systems
  • Electrical and network considerations
  • Lighting considerations
  • Light tables
  • Film inspection & staging area
  • Artwork storage/filing system

Screen Making 

  • Staging/storage/shelving area for screen frames
  • Air lines for pneumatic style fabric stretchers
  • Production area and tables for frame inspection and stretching fabric
  • Screen fabric storage holder
  • Ventilation for adhesive fumes

Stencil Making 

Light-safe area for storage of coated screens, and staging area for coating
  • Coating area for stencil application
  • Partial clean room area
  • Hot-air drying cabinet or screen racks with fans
  • Frame-holding device for emulsion coating
  • Humidity control
  • Non-dust-emitting ceiling tiles Corrective lighting  Emulsion coaters storage Screen storage Wet/dry vac with correct nozzle Temperature/humidity indicators Non-slip flooring with safe draining



    • Sufficient electrical requirements for exposure unit
    • Light-safety enclosure around exposure unit
    • Non-dust-emitting ceiling tiles
    • Corrective lighting
    • Lighting for pinholes in screen
    • Layout table for registering photo tools to screens

    Post Exposure Development/Stencil Degreasing/Reclamation

    Hot and cold water (Filtration may be necessary.)
  • High-pressure washer
  • Washout tank (backlit preferred)
  • Adequate ventilation or exhaust hood for haze removal
  • Ease of entry and exiting type of door
  • Non-slip flooring with safe draining
  • Ink Mixing

    Corrective general lighting
  • Light booth and color matching equipment capability
  • Heavy storage racks for base ink & mixed colors
  • Power mixers for ink
  • Flammable storage cabinets for solvents
  • Fire-rated walls, sprinkling devices & appropriate ventilation
  • Safe aisles for personnel and material handling
  • Appropriate furniture for measurement devices
  • Adequate grounding jumpers for large solvent containers
  • Stock Preparation

    Storage/temperature & humidity considerations Sufficient material handling equipment Cutting equipment Trimmed for printing Staging area for printing

    Printing and Drying Production

    Area for registering artwork to substrate Staging for substrate to be printed  Staging area for printing — tool storage — flood bars/squeegees — ink & other misc. supplies  Squeegee sharpening area In-production color matching area Proper lighting  Hazardous materials clean-up area Adequate ventilation in printing production Hot air/rack drying and/or curing area Clear access around production area for material handling Sufficient electrical power and compressed air in production area


    Flooring considerations for die cutting (structural support) Electrical considerations for finishing equipment Large cutting equipment for trimming Sand blasting area Compressed air availability In-plant maintenance area

    Inspection/Quality Control

    Correct overhead lighting for inspecting specific items Light tables for backlit inspection Color matching/evaluation equipment Personnel inspection station equipment

    Wrapping & Shipping 

    Scales for weighing items  Staging area(s) awaiting shipping Adequate room for material handling Docking considerations Staging area for receiving  Material handling equipment – forklift/hand trucks/dollies Adequate tables for staging incoming production Equipment for banding/wrapping/tying/crating large items for shipment Compressed air for tools